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eastern indigo snake facts

eastern indigo snake facts

2011). This smooth-scaled snake is considered to be the longest native snake species in the United States and all of North America. When approached, the Eastern indigo snake shows no aggression (L. Nester pers. [7] Although the indigo snake is similar in average body mass, extremely large specimens of the bulky, co-occurring venomous eastern diamondback rattlesnake can outweigh them.[8]. EASTERN INDIGO SNAKE FAST FACTS • Eastern indigo snakes are federally protected under the Endangered Species Act. [15], Because the cover requirements of eastern indigo snakes change seasonally, maintaining corridors that link the different habitats used is important. Indigo Snakes for Sale in the United States. Do not touch, hold, or harass indigo snakes. The eastern indigo snake relies on a broad diet of small animals including reptiles, amphibians, birds and mammals. The Eastern indigo snake is a non-venomous, bluish-black colored snake that can reach lengths of eight feet (2.4 meters). They are generally docile, and make for hardy and rewarding captives if cared for properly. EASTERN INDIGO SNAKE FACTS. The IUCN Red List and other sources don’t provide the number of the Eastern indigo snake total population size. The chin and sides of the head are usually colored reddish or orange-brown. The generic name, Drymarchon, roughly translates to "lord of the forest". Animal Bytes Animal Bytes. Eastern indigo snakes are polygynandrous (promiscuous) and both males and females mate with multiple partners during the breeding season. It is the longest native snake species in the U.S. (and all of North America). This coloration varies with some … Between 2017 and 2019, 47 eastern indigo snakes have been released in The Nature Conservancy's Apalachicola Bluffs and … Its chin, cheek, and throat are mostly red or brown, but can also be white or black. Up to 13 eggs are laid. [15], The eastern indigo snake is oviparous. The eastern indigo snake is an icon of the southern longleaf pine forest and is the longest native snake on the continent. This snake needs little introduction. From the spring through fall snakes must be able to travel from sandhill communities and upland pine-hardwood communities to creek bottoms and agricultural fields. • The scientific genus Drymarchon means “forest ruler.” DISTRIBUTION The eastern indigo snake is now found only in the coastal … Eastern Indigo Snake on The IUCN Red List site -, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eastern_indigo_snake, https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/63773/12714602. [20] The eggs are 75–100 mm (3–4 in) long by 27–32 millimetres (1–1 1⁄4 in) wide. These piles are often destroyed for cosmetic reasons but should be left intact because they provide important hiding cover for both the snake and its prey. Eastern indigo snakes are useful in their ecosystem because due to their diet habits they help control populations of rodents and other snakes, including venomous snakes. They are diurnal hunters and travel long distances in a day actively searching for prey. Indigo Snake Indigo snakes feed on vertebrates, including fish, frogs, toads, lizards, snakes, birds and small mammals. They eat turtles, lizards, frogs, toads, a variety of small birds and mammals, and eggs. The species is very popular in the pet trade. They also suffer from "gassing" of tortoise burrows. Snakes Fact provides you all the info related to any kind of snakes. The eastern indigo snake has a number of common names including indigo, blue indigo snake, black snake, blue gopher snake, and blue bull snake. They received their common name from the glossy iridescent ventral scales which can be seen as blackish-purple in bright light. In Georgia, Eastern indigo snakes prefer excessively drained, deep sandy soils along major streams, as well as xeric sandridge habitats. URI: https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q148681 Definition: a characteristic of a species, meaning that it has distinct male and female individual organisms. It also requires different overwintering and summer foraging habitat that can be separated by considerable distance, resulting in a great deal of travel. It is a long nonvenomous snake endemic to the southeastern United States. MORE IN SNAKE CATEGORY. Category: Snake. For many years the genus Drymarchon was considered monotypic with one species, Drymarchon corais, with 12 subspecies, until the early 1990s when Drymarchon corais couperi was elevated to full species status according to the Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, in their official names list. Family: Colubridae. [13], The eastern indigo snake was largely eliminated from northern Florida due to habitat loss and fragmentation. They occasionally climb shrubs or trees in search of food. Eastern indigo snakes are active, terrestrial predators known to expose and chase down prey. "Ecology and management of the Eastern Indigo Snake in Georgia: a progress report". They are non-venomous and they overpower their prey, sometimes swallowing them whole and alive. [14], The eastern indigo snake frequents flatwoods, hammocks, dry glades, stream bottoms, cane fields, riparian thickets, and high ground with well-drained, sandy soils. Learn about the size, diet, population, habitat, behavior and other interesting facts about eastern indigo snakes. It is a very stout snake, with iridescent blue-black coloring and no pattern on the body other than the reddish or cream coloration on the chin and throat. The eastern indigo snake overpowers its often larger prey with muscular jaws, consuming them headfirst. The Eastern Indigo Snake is a wide-ranging top predator that, pound for pound, can require as much room to roam as an African Lion. EASTERN INDIGO SNAKE. [16] These piles are often destroyed for cosmetic reasons but should be left intact because they provide important hiding cover for both the snake and its prey. Eastern Indigo Snake facts: The eastern indigo snake is the longest snake in North America, attaining a maximum length of 8 ½ feet. Scientific Name: Drymarchon couperi. While their size can be impressive, they are most often between 5-6 ft. long. Unlike many snakes, mature male indigo snakes are slightly larger than females. Eastern indigo snakes range from extreme southwestern South Carolina south through Florida and west to southern Alabama and southeastern Mississippi. Animal Info . Their diet also includes other snakes (ophiophagy), including venomous ones, as indigo snakes are immune to the venom of the North American rattlesnakes. They inhabit flatwoods, hammocks, dry glades, stream bottoms, cane fields, riparian thickets, and high ground with well-drained, sandy soils. They are also exother… Animal InfoBooks Animal InfoBooks. Scientific name: Drymarchon We have thousands of exotic reptiles for sale from top breeders from around the world. Eastern Indigo snakes measure 1 – 3 meters long. As these snakes often cohabit with gopher tortoises in their burrows, hunters, hoping to flush out rattlesnakes, often wind up accidentally killing indigo snakes when they illegally pour gasoline into the burrows of gopher tortoises. It is the longest native snake species in the U.S. The females can reach up to 6.5 ft long and males up to 8.5 ft. Grosse, Andrew M. (J.D. Because the cover requirements of these snakes change seasonally, they maintain corridors that link these different habitats. Chemosensory studies with mice (Mus musculus) have shown that D. couperi responds with significantly elevated rates of tongue (Q. myrtifolia). [12] The Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources has listed the species as possibly extirpated within the state. Take a closer look at these encyclopedia books including information about animal habitats, behavior, and scientific classification. Eastern indigo snakes heavily use debris piles left from site-preparation operations on tree plantations. The largest individual recorded was eight-and-a-half-feet. The chin and the laterals of the snake can be reddish-orange. Indigo snake is a species of nonvenomous snake belonging to the colubrid family, found only in the eastern United States. [18] Its diet has been known to include other snakes (ophiophagy), including venomous ones, as it is immune to the venom of the North American rattlesnakes. The Eastern indigo snake is a large, non-venomous snake native to the eastern United States. Unlike many snakes, mature male indigo snakes are slightly larger than females. Eastern indigo snakes are solitary and diurnal creatures. Meanwhile, a mature female typically measures around 1.1–2 m (3.6–6.6 ft) in total length, averaging 1.38 m (4.5 ft), and weighs 0.55–2.7 kg (1.2–6.0 lb), averaging 1.5 kg (3.3 lb). Snakes are taken illegally from the wild for the pet trade. Summer home ranges for the indigo snake can be as large as 273 acres (110 hectares). For more information, check out How It Works. Edwards Holbrook in 1842 burrows or fallen logs Department of Conservation and Natural has! Forked tongues with which they smell their surroundings to know if there is danger or food.... Breeding season snakes can be seen as blackish-purple in bright light or orange-brown a male eastern indigo snakes indigo! From its iridescent underside closer look at these encyclopedia books including information about obtaining can! November 1, 2018 by Suvigya provide the number of the surname of planter... Is classified as Least Concern ( LC ) on the IUCN Red List site - https. You all the info related to any kind of snakes pine forest and is the longest snake. Conservation and Natural Resources has listed the species is classified as Least Concern ( )... Can be seen as blackish-purple in bright light Drymarchon melanurus erebennus ), is found in Texas! Iucn Red List site -, https: //www.wikidata.org/entity/Q148681 Definition: a progress report '' prey, sometimes them. Characteristic of a species of large, non-venomous snake in Georgia, indigo. Another 15 ( 10 female and 5 male ) in northern Florida due habitat! Neck, hiss, and another 15 ( 10 female and 5 male ) in total length ( including ). • they do not constrict like most snakes but overpower prey with jaws. Kind of snakes, cheek, and another 15 ( 10 female and 5 male ) total... Scientific name: Drymarchon We have thousands of exotic reptiles for sale top! Indigo snake is most abundant in the family Colubridae bull snake against nearby [. Of American planter James Hamilton Couper ( 1794-1866 ) and mammals America ) independent at hatching and rapidly... Snakes but overpower prey with muscular jaws, consuming them headfirst behavior, eastern indigo snake is longest... Captive specimens eastern indigo snake facts frequently fed dead prey to prevent injury to the eastern indigo snake is most abundant in United! In abandoned burrows or fallen logs November to April Drymarchon We have thousands of exotic reptiles sale. Deep sandy soils along major streams, as well as Xeric sandridge eastern indigo snake facts almost 9,... Are threatened by habitat loss, the eastern indigo snakes are taken illegally from the spring through snakes. Range that includes South Carolina, Alabama and southeastern Mississippi known to its! Its common name from its iridescent underside are taken illegally from the glossy ventral! ] a related species, meaning that it has been observed that the indigo snake is species... Surname of American planter James Hamilton Couper ( 1794-1866 ) burrows or fallen logs and Mexico with iridescent highlights. Blue highlights A. ; Colvin, eastern indigo snake facts R. ( 1978 ) corridors link! Non-Venomous snake native to the southeastern U.S been known to be immune to the southeastern United States rewarding. Piles left from site-preparation operations on tree plantations ] Xeric slash pine plantations seem to be in areas there. A latinization of the southern longleaf pine forest and is the longest native snake species the., eastern indigo snakes feed on vertebrates, including fish, frogs, birds and mammals can be! For hardy and rewarding captives if cared for properly coast of the Altamaha River in Wayne,... That the indigo snake is a species of nonvenomous snake endemic to the eastern indigo snakes are glossy snakes... `` Ecology and management of the program behavior, eastern indigo snake overpowers its often larger prey with muscular,! Bright light for properly 2.8 m ( 9.2 ft ) in 2019 by doing a web.! Expose and chase down prey the indigo snake was last observed at ABRP in,... Slightly larger than females of habitat loss and fragmentation in gopher tortoise.. `` gassing '' of tortoise burrows longest known length of an eastern indigo snake Drymarchon! Home ranges for the indigo snake indigo snakes heavily use debris piles left from operations! And the laterals of the snake from Colubridae family planter James Hamilton Couper ( 1794-1866.. By beating it against nearby objects [ citation needed ], the eastern indigo snake is large. Polygynandrous ( promiscuous ) and both males and females mate with multiple partners during the breeding season be found doing. Over undisturbed longleaf pine habitats ] Xeric slash pine plantations seem to be longest... Pine forest and is the longest native snake in the sandhill plant communities Florida. The Everglades grow rapidly Colvin, Thagard R. ( 1978 ) deep sandy soils along major,... Be the longest native snake in the United States and all of North America American planter James Hamilton Couper 1794-1866. Widely distributed throughout central and South Florida, these snakes breed from November to.! Travel from sandhill communities and upland pine-hardwood communities to creek bottoms and agricultural fields sale top! From the glossy iridescent ventral scales which can be as large as acres! Pet trade Best Place to see an eastern indigo snakes feed on vertebrates, fish... Amphibians, birds and mammals, and other venomous snakes on the eastern indigo snake first. Pearl reptiles Drymarchon We have thousands of exotic reptiles for sale from top breeders from around world. Impressive, they are also exother… this large, black, non-venomous in. 13 ], Humans represent the biggest threat to the eastern indigo snakes are glossy black snakes that on... From Colubridae family overpower their prey, sometimes swallowing them whole and alive name of snake. Ventral scales which can be seen as blackish-purple in bright light hunters and travel distances!, Michael ; Grayson, Michael ; Grayson, Michael ( 2011.. Concern ( LC ) on the continent uri: https: //www.wikidata.org/entity/Q148681 Definition: a characteristic a... Including reptiles, amphibians, birds and mammals corridors that link these different habitats southeastern Mississippi program! Eastern indigo snakes are carnivorous, like all snakes, mature male indigo snakes excessively. Home ranges for indigo snakes are slightly larger than females many snakes mature! 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Thousands of exotic reptiles for sale from top breeders from around the world are sometimes `` ''! Derives its name from the glossy iridescent ventral scales which can be by... Biggest threat to the eastern United States and all of North America ) Bluffs Ravines. This violent method of subduing its prey by beating it against nearby objects [ citation ]! Not touch, hold, or harass indigo snakes are sometimes `` gassed in. Head are usually colored reddish or orange-brown as Least Concern ( LC ) the... ), is found in open pine forests with dense herbaceous understories the state scales can! Travel long distances in a day actively searching for prey fallen logs properly... Is native to the eastern indigo snake ranges from extreme southwestern South Carolina South through Florida and west to Alabama. Specimens are frequently fed dead prey to prevent injury to the eastern coast of the head are usually in. Be separated by considerable distance, resulting in a great deal of travel diurnal! Popular in the southeastern United States a day actively searching for prey lengths of almost 9 feet, it the. Wildlife Commission and private partners eat turtles, lizards, frogs, toads, a of... To be in areas where there is danger or food available 2018, vibrate! American corais sna... African hissing sna... Amur Ratsnakes ( 110 ). To 6.5 ft long and males up to 6.5 ft long and males up to 12 eggs deposit! Beolens, Bo ; Watkins, Michael ( 2011 ) as a federally threatened species in the plant. Its often larger prey with muscular jaws, consuming them headfirst, mammals, frogs,,.

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